Hey just wanted to say this about the income tax as I see it. Hendrickson does a great job of showing that income tax applies to US government workers or people who receive a US privilege. I explained how I think it works in the 'slave name thread' but, YES, all US citizens have to at least file a return (notice that I said citizens). This is because US Citizenship is a benefit privilege. It is the privilege of having a vessel to deal in commerce. I know that sounds ridiculous as a benefit privilege if freely offered and freely taken (and by freely I mean consensually) and it seems that US citizenship is forced upon everyone located in certain latitudes east of the Pacific and west of the Atlantic oceans.
I don't agree with you Sam, in that we are in common law. I believe that the law the US government operate is a version of commercial law, and similar to Roman Civil Law. It is a private body of statutes and acts that apply only to the so-called citizens and subjects of of that private organization. The reason I call it private while the US Government calls it public is that it is private to all those who claim to be citizens (and therefore privately subject to that law) and foriegn to those not subject to that law but whom may reside in the same geographically region (kinda like the Roman Empire). The United States, or State Of X, is definitely not the landmass mentioned above. I've heard Mark Stevens points that out before and also know it to be true. I read a good book that showed the legal basis of that but apologize as it is on my other computer which is conveniently in the shop
. If I remember it I'll let you know the name of that one. But for all US citizens it IS public law.
Now I don't think UCC arguements work on Income Tax because UCC is also private law. It is the law of the Law Merchants (also confusingly called Law Merchant). One Law Merchant can use it against another in a case decided in the admiralty but in an Income Tax case I believe it is foreign law and of no effect. It appears the Income Tax is also a Tax on Law Merchants but only applies to Law Merchants who are under US limited liability insurance, that is incorporate by and under the US, i.e. US citizens.
Now from what I can tell (and again I am far from an expert) commercial law appears as common law because it is the common law of the sea. It works on the affidavit system, which is why things like Habeas corpus and other writs still work in commerce, because someone must take an oath upon it. Am I write about this? I've never done a Habeas corpus but it seems to be an affidavit of claim. Does anyone know if you have to take an oath upon a Habeas corpus?